September 3rd, 2015 –
By: Andrey Bortsov for PolitRussia –
translated for Fort Russ by J. Arnoldski –
“Parade in the PRC – a signal to the friends and enemies of
On September 3 (for China, it ended on that date), a parade in
honor of the 70th Anniversary of Victory in World War II will be held in the
People’s Republic of China. It’s been very interesting to see the coverage of
this event in the media. A typical example is what “Kommersant” has to say:
“This week, Russian President Vladimir Putin will pay a visit to
Beijing, the culmination of which will be participation in celebrating the 70th
anniversary of the end of the Second World War. Against the backgrounds of the
likely absence of Western leaders in Beijing, Vladimir Putin has been named the
main guest of the most ambitious military parade on Tiananmen square in PRC
history. Authorities didn’t hide that they borrowed the Russian experience of
the 70th anniversary of Victory ‘for mobilizing patriotic sentiment.’
Celebrations in the PRC and the visit of President Putin will take place
against the backdrop of a strong reduction in bilateral trade, the loss of
Russia as one of China’s top ten business partners, and increasing problems
with the major energy projects ‘Strength of Siberia’ and ‘Altai.’”
Note the shift of emphasis from the event itself to the impact of
the global economic crisis which affected not only Russia and China. On this
note, let’s also remember that from 2000-2013, the volume of bilateral trade
between Russia and China grew more than tenfold, from $8 billion to $89.2
billion, amounting to $95.28 billion in 2014. And most importantly, we are now
discussing the possibility of settlements in national currencies in various
fields and decoupling from the dollar. But we will not deal with temporary
economic difficulties, but rather look further into the future at strategic
Vladimir Putin’s visit to China has state status, and this
military parade will be held on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of victory
in WWII and the victory of the Chinese people over the Japanese aggressors.
Few people pay attention to this, but military parades in China
were only ever held on the anniversaries of the founding of the PRC and every
ten years. But September 3 – this is not an ordinary event, but the first
parade of China in history not to be held on the occasion of the founding of
The newspaper “People’s Daily” named the following reasons for
such a decision:
“…for China, which is one of the major players on the global
arena, it’s time to demonstrate our military power. The parade will be a warning
to Japan that China will not tolerate attempts to change the post-war
international order or Tokyo’s attempts to change history.”
In addition, the newspaper says, the parade will be a signal to
those “corrupt elements” that the country’s army is in the hands of the CCP and
the Chinese people.
Let’s see how this event looks from the perspective of the
current political situation. Assistant to the President of Russia on
International Affairs, Yuri Ushakov, expressed that the main thing is the
following: “On May 9 in Moscow and on September 3 in Beijing, Russia and China
celebrate together. Thus, we demonstrate that we have a common assessment of
the outcome of the Second World War and that we equally oppose all attempts to
Seeing as how celebrations in China are essentially a
continuation of the celebration of the 70th anniversary of victory in Moscow,
which was attended by Chinese President Xi Jinping, and in which the Chinese
military took part, so will Russian soldiers of the Preobrazhensky honor guard
regiment march on Tiananmen Square.
Sergey Shoigu reported that Russia “gladly accepted the
invitation of the Minister of Defense of the People’s Republic of China to
participate in celebration in Beijing on the occasion of the 70th anniversary
of Victory in WWII on September 3 this year, and has agreed to send armed
forces of the Russian Federation to the military parade…The peoples of our
countries suffered the heaviest losses. Solidarity between Russia and China is
of fundamental importance in view of attempts to falsify history and to glorify
He also stated that the Russian Defense Ministry granted joint
exercises with China and supports the continuation of practical cooperation in
this area: “In an unstable international situation, the strengthening of good
neighborly relations between our countries is of particular importance. This
contributes to ensuring peace and stability on the Eurasian continent and
In addition to practical cooperation, the change in political
sentiment in the PRC is important. There has been a rethinking of the role of
China in the World War II: the previous paradigm is changing and the war is now
perceived as a struggle of the Chinese people against the Japanese invaders.
China already repeatedly stated that, thus, as one of the victor countries,
China is entitled to an appropriate place in the contemporary world order.
Of course, the Soviet Union helped defeat the Kuomintang Army,
and the actions of the US against Japan played a role, but it is important to
place China on par with the victorious countries. And if anyone says that the
Chinese can’t do it themselves, then they we’ll be reminded of the historical
event when the capitulation of Germany was signed: when Keitel, seeing men in
French uniforms among those who attended the ceremony, chuckled: “How!? Both
France and us lost the war.” At least China did not give up, but fought. It is
therefore logical to associate it with the countries which defeated Nazism.
However, according to only official data, more than 35 million Chinese were
killed in the war between 1937 and 1945.
It is understandable why China specifically mentions the
falsification of history: the West has persistently rewritten history for 70
years. Characteristically in this plan is the speech of the US Ambassador to
Russia, John Tefft, regarding the Victory Day Parade in Moscow on May 9. He
said that the US does not seek to harm Russia, but rather to rely on
“comprehensive partnership.” In the US, they propagandize the role of US troops
in the liberation of Europe from Hitler, which is called the “theory of the
exceptional efforts of the US in the joint victory of the Allies over Nazi
Germany.” The Soviet people, according to such a logic, did something, but nothing
exclusively. All that remains is to “forget” about the “joint” victory and
attribute everything to the US.
Similarly, like with the Victory Parade in Russia in May,
detractors point out with the parade in China: China was weak, never managed to
single-handedly defeat the Japanese army in the past, etc.
It is significant that 85% of military equipment will be
demonstrated for the first time at the parade, like in Russia, where we also
showed our new advances in curbing encroachments which wish to deprive Russia
of its sovereignty.
China has sent 51 invitations, 49 countries said yes, and in the
end, 30 heads of states will arrive for the parade, along with the
representatives of 19 other countries. Troops and delegations from 17 countries
will participate in the parade. It is telling that the delegates from the US
are not coming to Beijing.
Thus, the world is still divided between those who want to
maintain the hegemony of the US and the structure of “democratic colonial
capitalism,” and those who believe that international relations should be built
on mutually beneficial terms with the preservation of national identity.
The Russian Ambassador in Beijing, Andrey Denisov, indicated that
in addition to the meeting of the two leaders in Beijing, talks will be held
with the participation of Deputy Prime Ministers, Foreign Ministers, and other
senior officials on a wide range of issues. He said: “We look at the world
differently. Each country has its own interest, but the harmony of approaches
In the early 1950’s, China proclaimed the slogan “learning from
the Soviet Union, but after the death of Stalin, a quiet destruction of
socialism from within began: the pursuit of development was replaced by
petty-bourgeois philistinism (even Mayakovsky warned about this!), elements of
capitalism (profit as a goal – see the Kosygin-Lieberman reform) were
introduced into socialist economies, and there was in fact sabotage from the
“top.” Less than a month after Stalin’s death, the Council of Ministers decree
no. 895-385 from 3/25/1953, the construction of the 25 most important strategic
assets was stopped.
Now is the time for Russia and China to learn from each other.
The foundation of the current policies of the PRC lies in the theory of Deng
Xiaoping of building socialism with Chinese characteristics, or as the Chinese
themselves say: national in form, socialist in content (remember that socialism
is not only Marxist). Of course, one cannot copy everything one-to-one: Russia
needs its own socialism, with Russian specificity. And, of course, together we
need to resist globalism.
Returning to the topic of the parade: do you know what is most
pleasing about the upcoming event? That a Victory Parade, at least in China,
will be held the way it should be – with red stars and under the red flag.