Translated by Ollie Richardson for Fort Russ
2nd January, 2016
Historical facts and the contemporary state of affairs on the world stage doesn’t quite fit with how they were described by the President of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Mehmet Yilmaz wrote in an article in the Turkish publication Hurriyet.
On the question of journalists about whether Turkey will enter into a presidential form of government while maintaining a unitary state, Recep Tayyip Erdogan responded affirmatively, stating that the example of a state with such a political structure is the Nazi Party of Germany.
In this regard, the author recalled that actually it was Germany under the rule of Hitler. Adolf Hitler was appointed Reich Chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg in 1933. At that time the country had a parliamentary form of government.
After the death of Hindenburg in 1934, the Cabinet of Ministers adopted a law according to which the post and functions of the Chancellor and President were combined in one with the subsequent liquidation of the latter. Hitler assumed the powers of head of state and commander in chief of the armed forces.
President Erdogan is not right, the author writes, pointing out that Hitler wasn’t a President.
“He was wrong in explaining the necessity of the presidential system of government” — continues Mehmet Yilmaz.
“When you look at developed countries, you see that in the vast majority of them, there is this system”, — quotes the words Yilmaz Gul.
The author notes that of the 28 member states of the European Union, only Greece & Cyprus have a presidential system, with France having a semi-presidential system. All the others are parliamentary. From the countries of the “the big twenty”, a presidential form of government is represented in seven countries: Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, South Korea, USA, Indonesia and South Africa.
“As you can see, except for South Korea and the United States, no country with a presidential system is not particularly advanced. That is why they are called developing countries,” says the columnist.