Nursultan Nazarbayev , the president of Kazakhstan, speaking at the XXVI session of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan, declared: “Russia is our historic neighbor. They lived there before us, they live now, and our children will live in their neighborhood and friendship, understanding each other. ”
And in politics, most often it happens like this. Heads of state recognize the importance of cooperation , but what happens in life? Moreover, as we see, Kazakh politics are not quite the same as Nazarbayev says.
It can be recalled that in January the President of Kazakhstan paid a visit to the US, to his friend Donald Trump , during which Nazarbayev essentially changed his strategic partner in the region. Moreover, the signing of the next five-year plan for military cooperation between the ministries of defense of the United States and Kazakhstan presupposes the appearance of the US military base near Russia’s southern border and the Caspian.
Emigration is mounting
And what about Russians who live in this republic? Russians have been methodically squeezed out of the country as unloved brothers. Kazakh analysts predicted another wave of emigration a year ago . In general, this is, as a rule, highly qualified personnel – of Russian heritage. Of course, the Kazakh authorities are concerned about the outflow of professionals from the country. On the other hand, the leadership of the republic does not particularly worry, fearing, apparently, the repetition of the “Crimean Spring” in 2014.
In 2016 alone, more than 23,000 Russians moved to their historical homeland. This is 71.6% of all emigrants from this Central Asian republic. By the way, 38,000 Kazakhstanis received Russian passports the same year. “And this trend has been observed for the last two or three years,” said Kazakh political analyst Zamira Karazhanova . Some cannot find a good job at home, others do not agree with the policy of the authorities. But the reasons for emigration are not always political or economic. Sometimes Russians are being pushed out by banal nationalism.
Gradually Russians are made to understand: you do not belong here. Young Kazakhstanis of Russian heritage leaving very actively. Why? “Free education for non-Kazakhs is practically unavailable. Among the officials, civil servants, – 95% of roles are given to Kazakhs, among the police they are 99%. Russians work in private firms, where they need intelligence and qualifications, but here too the managers Kazakhs. As Kazakh political scientists themselves admit, “there is an epidemic of dilettantism and degradation in the country. ”