RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil – With the idiom of “political positioning charts” on the internet, many people have lost the notion that “political position” (in the left / right sense) is by definition relative.
“Left” and “right” are not beings with real existence, physical phenomena or something. Speaking in “left or right” is like talking in “cold or hot,” “loud,” or “down.” There are many possible references and there is no consensus on what defines the multiple possible positions, nor consensus on the criterion of evaluation of each position.
Because of this fad, the Brazilian took “right” and “left” as absolute forms. One as antithesis of the other. So who is right is anti-left and supports a block of specific and closed positions. And those who are left is anti-right and supports a block of specific and closed positions. When it comes to voting, it follows the thought: those on the right look for a right-wing candidate and vote for him. Those on the left look for a leftist candidate and vote for him.
Reality, however, is the exact opposite of this.
Except for a minority of citizens, who are only present on the internet, people do not think politics in this way, “in blocks.” The people think of politics as “patterns of interest”.
Political “analysts” were surprised when it was discovered that the second option of a good part of Lula’s voters was with Bolsonaro. There was a lack of this research, but it is quite possible that some of the Bolsonaro voters also have Lula as their second choice and, more likely, that many of the Bolsonaro voters have voted for Lula in the past.
Are we facing “change of ideology”? But since when do the Brazilian people have ideology?
Previous research has shown, for example, that the Brazilian people are in favor of the Bolsa Família, in favor of measures to reduce inequality, in favor of state intervention in the economy and, at the same time, in favor of carrying arms, against homosexual adoption, against abortion, against legalization of drugs and so on.
Contradiction? Only in the head of those who are in disagreement with the people and do not think in terms of real guidelines, but in the eternal “football game” between right and left.
The Brazilian people voted for Lula in the past because he was desperate for the social and economic woes caused by the governments of Sarney, Collor and FHC. A considerable part of the same Brazilian people are chasing Bolsonaro because they are desperate for an end to urban violence and the avalanche of progressive anti-people agendas (after all, we still have not felt the crunch of Temer’s neoliberal reforms).
It’s the same people. A people who are both “lulista” and “bolsonarista”, without any kind of essential contradiction, but fundamentally because it has been deceived for years to vote for the figures that most appeal to popular interests of specific historical moments.
Learning this lesson is key. “BolsoLula” is not only a meme, it is not just a joke, it is a pseudo-contradiction that, in fact, reveals a lot about the interests, beliefs and values of the Brazilian people.
The Brazilian people want to fight poverty, reduce inequalities, state participation in the economy, but also iron hand in bandits – and that a firm barrier against the postmodern avalanches rises.
Simple to understand.
But who will have the courage to cross fictional graphic boundaries and give the people what they want?
Translated from Nova Resistencia.