By Saed Teymuri, an economics student currently researching about the history of the Sino-Soviet Bloc as well as the Levant region.
The first Lebanon War was involved the overlap of the 1975-1990 Lebanese Civil War and the 1982-2000 “Israeli”-Fascist occupation of South Lebanon. Until the late 1980s, the bulk of the Lebanese anti-imperialist movement was formed by the leftist and PLO forces. With the decline of the USSR, the Lebanese left also fell apart, giving rise to “Iran-backed” Hezbollah.
From 1990 to 2000, Hezbollah carried out operations against the “Israeli” troops and their fascist allies. The main fascist allies of the “Israelis” were the “South Lebanon Army” led by Antoine Lahad. In May 25, 2000, the “Israeli” troops withdrew from South Lebanon. This became known as “Liberation Day.”
In 2003, NATO invaded Iraq. Iran was in the list of enemies that Washington was planning to take out, before Russia and China would revive their power. Yet, Iran was able to use the US invasion of Iraq *against* US interests, by providing support for Sadrist guerrillas that constantly bombed US bases throughout Iraq.
Iran’s influence now stretched through Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine in an alliance called “The Resistance Axis.” The obstacle to the US invasion of Iran was Iran’s geopolitical deterrent against the US invasion. Iran “had” Hezbollah. Should the US invade Iran, Hezbollah would attack “Israel” – Washington’s top ally in the region. Therefore, USA’s strategy was to first get “Israel” to take out Hezbollah, and then allow NATO to go for Iran.
Therefore, in July 2006, “Israeli” troops mobilized towards Lebanon once again.
Hezbollah had developed a very impressive network of bunkers and arsenal of weapons readily available. The ammunition, food, medical services, etc. were all available in the bunkers, thereby allowing Hezbollah to sustain its fire against the Zionist invaders while protecting the Hezbollah fighters inside their bunkers. So effective were these bunkers that even after dropping 2,500 precision-guided munitions in the first three days of the war, only 7% of Hezbollah’s fighting capability had been damaged, in spite of the bloody destruction brought about across Lebanon.
Nevertheless from July 13 to July 31 – the first phase of the Second Lebanon War – Israel did have severe strikes against Hezbollah forces. In a matter of 34 minutes, in Operation Specific Gravity, the “Israeli” Airforce destroyed more than 50 long range rockets, along with other Hezbollah infrastructure.
As with the 1990s, in 2006, Hezbollah used low-precision Katyusha rockets launched into “Israel.” 4,000 Katyusha rockets went into “Israel” from bases 20 km close to the “Israeli” border.
The fighters also developed a strong anti-Zionist media apparatus, constantly showing the rubble created by the Zionist aggressors, and Hezbollah’s resistance against the Zionists.
From July 31 to August 11, “Israel” launched Operation Change of Direction 8, seeking to create a “Security Zone,” kilometers along the “Israeli”-Lebanese Border. Eight brigades from the “Israeli” Occupation Forces (IOF) were to execute this operation. Hezbollah responded with continuing the Katyusha Rockets, using the bunkers, and weaponry to attrite “Israeli” soldiers.
On August 12, the last phase of the “Israeli” operations began. As shown in the image, “Israel” wanted to push towards the Litani River in Lebanon. Hezbollah forces ambushed the “Israeli” troops.
“Israel” failed to achieve its objectives. On August 14, a UN ceasefire was established. “Israel” withdrew from Lebanon once again, signalling defeat.
Hezbollah emerged victorious. “The Party of God” was able to recruit thousands of volunteers not only from Lebanon but all the way from Afghanistan, Iraq, etc. The polls showed that Christians and Sunnis agreed that Hezbollah was the protector of Lebanon. Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah’s popularity rose so much that according to Al-Jazeera journalist Mehdi Hassan, Sunni Arab citizens in the Gulf Arab States began naming their children after the Hezbollah leader. Nasrallah became a top icon among the anti-Zionists of the region.
Views expressed by Guest Authors are their own, and are not reflective of FRN or its editorial team. FRN publishes these for research and educational purposes only. The text is presented for these reasons alone, and absolutely not for purposes related to promoting any of the views expressed herein.