A Hezbollah Series: A Shi’ite resistance against Israel from 1990-2000 – Part 3

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By Saed Teymuri, an economics student currently researching about the history of the Sino-Soviet Bloc as well as the Levant region.

In 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon. The result was the formation of the Hezbollah and several leftist and Palestinian resistance coalitions. Over time, the power of the Hezbollah began to increase.

By late 1988, Hezbollah and Syria were able to resolve their differences during the Camp War and by 1989, the Ta’if Accords were signed. This agreement put an end to the Lebanese Civil War, entrenched the hold of Syria in Lebanon, especially in the North, and gave Hezbollah the room to fight against the Zionist Entity and its fascist allies in the South.

Since the 1990s, Hezbollah became pretty much the number one force fighting against “Israel.” With the help of the Iranians, the self-described “Party of God” provided education, healthcare, housing, reconstruction, gas, electricity, sewage system, and compensation for war damages and the fallen. Hezbollah. In 1992 alone, Hezbollah provided 2.9 million Dollars for approximately 20,000 poor families. The social services provided by Hezbollah dramatically boosted the Party’s image in the eyes of the public.

Furthermore during the 1990s, Hezbollah – while keeping its Khomeinist ideology – sought to avoid appearing like a rigidly fundamentalist political party in Lebanon. The Party established the “Lebanese Resistance Brigade,” a non-denominational Lebanese paramilitary group that sought to incorporate Sunni Muslims, Christians, Druze, and non-practicing Shi’as who held anti-Zionist politics into a united front against Zionist terror.

To foster its image, and report on the daily Zionist terror, Hezbollah established the Al-Ahed Newspaper, Al-Nour Radio Station, and most famously the Al-Manar TV Station. In 1996, Hezbollah also started a Hebrew language program meant to move the “Israelis” against their regime.

The Hezbollah media would constantly present the Zionist destruction of Lebanon and Hezbollah’s reconstruction of Lebanon and resistance against the Zionist aggressors in response.

During the 1990s, Hezbollah used the roadside bomb to target the “Israeli” soldiers. The roadside bomb, though relatively simple, was the most effective weapons used by Hezbollah. In 1999 alone, Hezbollah’s roadside bomb was the cause of the deaths of 75% of “Israeli” forces in Lebanon.

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The roadside bomb also had a strong pscyhological effect, because it could be disguised by other materials. Any rock in the street could potentially be a roadside bomb. This weapon struck fear in the hearts of the Zionist terrorists.

During the 1980s, the “Israeli” forces felt safe in their Merkava Tanks. However, with Iranian assistance, Hezbollah was able to obtain anti-tank missiles in its arsenal. As a result, no “Israeli” tank driver felt safe; the tanks were easy targets for Hezbollah, another boost of morale for the Lebanese.

As the death toll of “Israeli” troops increased up to almost 900, more and more “Israelis” began to turn against the war. Prior to 1997, 60% of “Israelis” supported the war; as the death toll rose, debates emerged and the politicians were pressured to end the war.

Ehud Barak ran on the platform of getting “Israel” out of the war. On May 25, 2000, “Israeli” troops withdrew from the Lebanese territory. That day would be remembered as Lebanon’s Liberation Day, celebrated by the majority of the Lebanese, and mourned by the Phalange-ISIS sympathizers. 25 years of war in Lebanon finally ended on Liberation Day.

P.S. In July 2006, “Israel” would make yet another attempt at taking over Lebanon, taking out Hezbollah, and geopolitically “disarming” Iran. This would fail as well.

Views expressed by Guest Authors are their own, and are not reflective of FRN or its editorial team. FRN publishes these for research and educational purposes only. The text is presented for these reasons alone, and absolutely not for purposes related to promoting any of the views expressed herein.

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