By Saed Teymuri, an economics student currently researching about the history of the Sino-Soviet Bloc as well as the Levant region. Read Part 1 here.
When the Zionist Regime invaded Lebanon in 1982, the leftist and anti-Zionist forces formed a coalition force named “Lebanese National Resistance Front” (abbreviated in Arabic as “Jamul” or “Jamoul”).
The Zionist Entity sought to strike a blow strong enough to the Lebanese left and the PLO in order to ‘neutralize’ their forces.
The PLO was forced to evacuate Lebanon. US forces were deployed in Lebanon with the excuse of imposing the “peace” and ensuring the evacuation of the Palestinian fighters. Yaser Arafat and his comrades-in-arms moved to Tunisia, while the rest of the PLO militants went to Damascus, Syria. Within days after the evacuation of the PLO militants, Bashir Jumayil (Bachir Gemayel), the leader of the neo-fascist Phalange forces and the President of Lebanon was assassinated by the Jammoul-aligned Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP).
“Israel” *accused* Arafat of keeping some 2,000 of his troops in the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon: Sabra and Shatila. Soon after, the “Israeli” forces encircled the refugee camps and with the help of the Phalange forces “took revenge” for the death of their leader Bashir Jumayil. A bloody massacre took place by the Phalange forces in the Sabra and Shatila Camps.
In 1985, some of the PLO guerrillas returned to Lebanon. With the backing of Syria, the Amal forces began fighting the Palestinians. Hezbollah militants sided with the Palestinians. A major war broke out between Hezbollah, the Palestinians, and much of the Lebanese left on one side, against Amal and the Syrian Arab Republic on the other side. The war of Amal – led by Nabi Berri – against the Palestinians was a brutal one, with great atrocities committed by the Amal forces. According to Robert Fisk, “Palestinian women were being shot in the head as they were going for water, deliberately.” There were times when so many bullets were being machine-gunned into the camp that the bullets began hitting each other, according to Fisk.
In 1987, direct clashes broke out between Hezbollah and the Syrian Army. 7,000 Syrian troops entered Beirut in order to force all the fighters there to evacuate. An ultimatum was given by Syria to the various forces in Beirut, telling them to evacuate their headquarters. According to the Syrian account, its forces came under fire from Hezbollah militants in the Fathallah Barracks, hence the storming of the Hezbollah headquarters by Syria. According to Hezbollah, the Hezbollah troops had already evacuated Fathallah barracks.
23 Hezbollah militants died in these clashes. Hezbollah condemned this as a massacre, while Iran sought to mediate between Hezbollah and Syria.
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