ENERGY INDEPENDENCE: China Inaugurates Nuclear Reactor Built in Partnership with Russia


China launched the reactor of the new power plant at the Tianwan nuclear plant, built with Russian participation, the Russian state-owned company Rosatom said in a statement on Sunday.

“On September 30, 2018, the Tianwan NP 4 reactor plant, which is under construction in China with the technical assistance of ROSATOM’s Engineering Division, has been brought to a minimum level of controllable power,” the statement said.

China is one of the countries with the largest number of nuclear reactors in operation. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), China currently has 39 reactors in operation, several of which are the result of projects in partnership with Russia.

The countries that lead the number of nuclear reactors are the US, with 99, France, with 58 and Japan with 42. Soon after, China and then Russia, which according to the IAEA, operates a total of 35 reactors.

China intends to increase this number as only 3.9% of the country’s energy is nuclear. From this list, France is the one most dependent on this energy source, which supplies 71.6% of the country’s energy needs.

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Russia and China have long cooperated in the peaceful use of nuclear energy, with the Tianwan nuclear power plant being the largest joint project.

Meanwhile, the development of nuclear energy in Latin America is on the agenda in several countries. With 7 plants operating in the continent, there are those who want to build more, and a Russian state-owned company may be nearby in those projects.

Brazil is one of the regional leaders in the production of nuclear energy. The country has two mills, Angra 1 and Angra 2, which involved agreements with the United States and Germany. Angra 3, which is still under construction and may still have Russian participation.

The relations between Brazil and Russia in the field of development of nuclear energy are mainly through Rosatom, acronym of Russian State Atomic Energy Corporation, a company that also has ties with some countries in Latin America, such as Argentina.

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