April 6, 2015
Translated by Kristina Rus
THE NATIONAL SECURITY OF ARMENIA IN THE NEW INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE XXI CENTURY
The need for security as the dominant motive of national behavior, is the strongest motivation and even the basis for the development of the nation state as such. Security, both at the global and regional levels is the central problem of the entire system of international relations; any issue in international politics, in some way is connected with this problem. On the other hand, the defense of its statehood from internal and external threats is one of the basic functions of the state and the indicator of its viability. In short the main directions of the state and society to ensure national security can be defined as:
1. Forecasting of threats to national security in all spheres through the provision of comprehensive and objective scientific and practical analysis.
2. The definition of criteria and “red lines” of national security and strategic priorities of development of the country.
3. Development of a package of measures and mechanisms for ensuring national security in the fields of economy, foreign and domestic policy, public security, law and defense, information and spiritual spheres.
Civilizational conditions and a framework of existence of its national interest, which is the formation of Armenia’s national security, is characterized by dramatic change, the transformation of the global system of inter-state relations and the existing balance of power. Most importantly, the experts in the field of politics and international relations theory agree that globalization has radically changed relations between states, and the status of a nation state as such. Independence in the era of globalization is relative, we live in an era of revision of the foundations of Westphalia peace. Completely new security systems are developing in the world, which stem directly from national interests. The doctrine of national security is a clear strategy based on the priorities of the system of national interests.
The national interests of a state, in turn, are long term in nature and define the main objectives on historical path, shape strategic and operational objectives of internal and external policy of the state, and are implemented through the system of public administration. In the early twenty-first century the Republic of Armenia has made a major leap in the analysis and strategy development of Armenia’s national security in the new environment and strictly adheres to it. In accordance the doctrine of the Armenian Foreign Ministry is divided into four areas:
- Positioning itself in the global system of international relations as a democratic, independent state
- Creating the necessary conditions for economic prosperity of the country (in particular, harnessing the potential of the Armenian involvement in regional integration processes and processes with a main partner – Russia)
- Providing the security of the Armenian nation and statehood
- The development of an open civil democratic society and its infrastructure (the peoples living on the territory of Armenia are equal in their rights, their interests protected by Law, all ethno-national rights of peoples and nationalities are protected)
At the same time a matter of national security for the Armenian people was and is imperative for preservation of the nation and the integrity of the ethno-cultural system. To this day the most important institutions of this matter are:
- The Armenian Church – faithful to its people throughout historic Christian memory
- The Armenian alphabet, which gave the opportunity to the representatives of culture to preserve the values of cultural-historical foundation of the nation in the native language
- Armenian family, national traditions and customs
These key factors have played a crucial and essential role in the preservation of the Armenian people and the Armenian population as a whole, becoming the basis of National Security.
On the basis of the above and a historical analysis, in September 2013, the President of the Republic of Armenia, Serzh Sargsyan made a announcement about the choice of Armenia’s path of future development and accession to the Customs Union and to the Treaty establishing the Eurasian Economic Union. Development and economic integration of Armenia in the direction of the East and Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan will provide a relatively rapid growth of the domestic economy and solve the accumulated social issues. In the end, the creation of a common labor market of the Union will provide Armenia and the people the free movement, the development of small and medium business, will ensure the improvement of standard of living under the current blockade by Turkey and Azerbaijan, and certain difficulties with Georgia, guaranteeing Armenia’s national and state security.
However, the selected path of development of Armenia was not welcomed by American politicians and the leadership of the EU triggering processes aimed at sabotaging the desire of Armenia to join the Eurasian Economic Union.
Previously, the American analysts tried to implement in Armenia a new pension system, which outraged the people and caused the resignation of Prime Minister and his appointment as Ambassador to the United States. In early July , U.S. Ambassador to Armenia, John Heffern, gave a rather lengthy interview and made a number of controversial statements which were directly interfering in the internal life of Armenia. In addition to the pressure on the decision for the sale of Vorotan Cascade HPP (Hydropower Plant), which is of strategic importance to Armenia, for the amount of $180 million (expert price – $1.5 billion), he spoke in support of the activities of religious sects [viewed as undermining the fabric of the Armenian society – the Orthodox church – KR] on the territory of the Republic and the acclaimed pension reform. Referring to the cooperation with the “civil society of Armenia,” he said in plain text that he did not intend to give up on interfering in the internal affairs of the Republic. “We will continue to support where possible, to criticize where necessary. We try to encourage, to ask and to ensure international standards”. And for that purpose he announced the grants allocated to the structures which support their ideology. In this sphere of American influence are not only the social organizations, but also the opposition parties. History repeats itself, and lessons are not learned from when the Anglo-American politicians with help of Germany and Turkey divided Armenia, and the people went through the 1915 genocide. Money tramples intelligence and national security.
It is not surprising that the next step in the destruction of the Armenian unity and spiritual tradition was the destruction of the Armenian Apostolic Church in the face of the Supreme Patriarch. And it started from the territory of the Eastern American Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Earlier there were attempts to revise the alphabet, and the integration of literary language with Western Armenian language. The national way of life and values of the Armenian people are also under attack.
I wonder what will be the next target in Armenia, in an attempt to trample its revival, strengthening and integration into the new environment of a multipolar world, while preserving its national identity, and national security. Where were these politicians of the United States, England and Europe, while for 25 years, Armenia was in a severe economic blockade, and only the Russian side has opened its doors to the people, where every year 200 to 300 thousand Armenians find work to ensure the survival of their families. Why do the politicians forget that the national hero Vazgen Sarkisyan in the difficult years of the early 90’s turned his gaze to the East and payed the first visit to China, and established relations with India.
Armenian President, Serzh Sargsyan, and his political team, which stood at the origins of the third Republic of Armenia and its armed forces, will make a wise step to ensure the security of the state of Armenia in its strategic development and the improvement of the socio-economic condition of the people in the current difficult political environment. The experience of Maidan is not our path of development, the long-suffering Armenian people will not understand and will not forgive this, and the analysis of historical experience points the way to the East.
The playbook is the same everywhere. In some places it works (Ukraine, Georgia) and in others it fails (Belorus, Armenia, Kazakhstan).
How long can the American public allow it’s elected government to “bully the small nations” (quoting Obama)?
Unfortunately, most Americans are unaware of their governments activities abroad and their tax money at work.
How long will the world tolerate the American exceptionalism and arrogance?
Luckily, no one likes a bully, except for those of the same kind, and the greedier America gets, the less it will be tolerated.
The world needs to resist American gluttony, in order for America to turn inward and cleanse itself.